FARMERS (OWNERS) are responsible for the day-to-day profitable operation of a farm. Duties vary depending on type of farm. They plan tilling, planting, and harvesting for grain, cotton, fruit, and vegetables on a crop farm. On livestock, dairy, and poultry farms, farmers feed and care for animals, and oversee breeding, marketing, and slaughtering. They are responsible for maintaining machinery, equipment, and farm structures, such as barns, silos, and stables. They hire, train, and supervise workers. They also keep financial and inventory records of the farm.
Salary, Size & Growth
- $40,000 average per year ($19.25 per hour)
- A small occupation (3,700 workers in 2010)
- Expected to decline (0.8% per year)
Modern farming requires increasingly complex scientific, business, and financial decisions. Therefore, even those who were raised on farms and become FARMERS (OWNERS) need to acquire the appropriate education. Completion of a 2-year and preferably a 4-year bachelor's degree program in a college of agriculture is becoming increasingly important. Working under an experienced farmer to learn how to put into practice the skills learned through academic training is important.