VETERINARIANS diagnose and control animal diseases, treat sick and injured animals, and advise owners on proper care of pets and livestock. They are involved in wildlife preservation and conservation. Some are concerned with the protection of humans against diseases carried by animals and conduct clinical research on human and animal health problems. They ensure a safe food supply by maintaining the health of food animals. Some may work in basic research, broadening theoretical knowledge, and in applied research, developing new ways to use the knowledge. Most do clinical work in private practice and treat domestic animals, such as dogs, cats, and other pets.
Salary, Size & Growth
- $91,500 average per year ($44.00 per hour)
- A medium occupation (54,500 workers in 2010)
- Expected to grow rapidly (3.3% per year)
VETERINARIANS graduate from a 4-year program at an accredited college of veterinary medicine with a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M. or V.M.D.) degree and must obtain a license to practice. Most students admitted to veterinary school have a bachelor's degree. Veterinary classes include organic and inorganic chemistry, physics, biology, biochemistry, genetics, physiology, and zoology, to name a few. Graduates who plan to specialize must complete a 1-year internship. Those who want board certification in a specialty must complete a 2-3 years in a residency program.