# Growth to Standards Model

In a Growth to Standards model, student progress is monitored with respect to an external criterion—in our case, the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks. The Growth to Standards model directly addresses the question “Has the student gained enough?”

In the graph below, the Growth to Standards model is applied to a fictitious 4th-grade student (John) who took ACT Aspire in grades 3 and 4. His score is below the 4th-grade ACT Readiness Benchmark in mathematics, and his goal is to become on target for college readiness by 7th grade. At each future grade level, one can determine if he is growing enough to reach his goal. The ACT Readiness Benchmarks for each grade level are represented by the points on the red line, John’s scores are represented by the solid black squares, and John’s goals are represented by the dashed black line. The ACT College Readiness Benchmark for Mathematics is 22 and is represented by the black X.

Note: For illustration, this graph shows ACT Aspire scores on one vertical axis and ACT scores on the other vertical axis. However, the two scales are not interchangeable.

ACT Aspire supports Growth to Standard Models by reporting student progress over time with respect to the ACT Readiness Benchmarks. Sample reports can be viewed here.

The ACT Readiness Benchmarks for ACT Aspire grades 3 through 10 and the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks for ACT Explore® (grades 8 and 9), ACT Plan® (grade 10), and the ACT® test (grades 11 and 12) are given in the table below. Shaded rows represent grade levels where the two scales overlap.