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Ideas for Progress: English, Range 24–27

To enhance their skills in each English-related strand, students who score in the 24–27 score range on the ACT® college readiness assessment may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 24–27
Production of Writing Topic Development in Terms of Purpose and Focus
  • develop awareness of ways that form and content can be changed as the audience for the writing changes
  • revise drafts so that loosely related material is either deleted or repositioned to a more relevant position
  • read well-written sentences closely to determine the purpose of a word or phrase when the purpose is subtle; imitate the writers’ sentences in own writing
  • learn how meaning can be expressed through connotation
Organization, Unity, and Cohesion
  • experiment with subtle organizational structures (e.g., use a mix of structures in one draft)
  • revise drafts by refining introductions, conclusions, and transitions between paragraphs
  • learn and practice new methods of creating coherence (e.g., repetition of key words and phrases)
Knowledge of Language Knowledge of Language
  • discuss the difference between formal written English and conversational English and identify when to use each
  • select and manipulate words, phrases, and clauses to convey shades of meaning and tone
  • practice using academic and content-specific terms in drafts
Conventions of Standard English Grammar, Usage, and Punctuation Sentence Structure and Formation
  • use sentence-combining techniques to create more sophisticated sentences; revise to avoid fragments, comma splices, and run-ons
  • practice writing sentences that are both grammatically correct and rhetorically effective
Usage Conventions
  • recognize the difference between its and it’s, your and you’re, who and whom
  • check drafts to ensure subject-verb agreement when the subject-verb order is inverted
Punctuation Conventions
  • use commas to set off nonessential appositives or clauses
  • use semicolons to indicate relationships between independent clauses
  • record a peer’s retelling of a story, then type up the story using correct punctuation