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Ideas for Progress: Reading, Range 16–19

To enhance their skills in each reading-related strand, students who score in the 16–19 score range on the ACT® college readiness assessment may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 16–19
Key Ideas and Details Close Reading
  • write, exchange, and answer a series of questions about significant details presented in increasingly challenging texts
  • identify inaccurate generalizations (e.g., stereotypes) in written or nonprint sources
  • make reasoned judgments about ideas and events based on evidence from written or nonprint sources
  • restate in own words the significance of specific information in written or nonprint sources
Central Ideas, Themes, and Summaries
  • determine the general or specific idea of one or more paragraphs or of the text as a whole
  • place events in chronological order by locating supporting evidence from the text
  • identify similarities and differences between people, objects, events, or ideas, drawing accurate conclusions
  • determine factors that have clearly influenced the outcome of a situation
  • identify statements in increasingly challenging texts that clearly state the cause(s) and effect(s) of specific events
Craft and Structure Word Meanings and Word Choice
  • differentiate between literal (denotative) and implied (connotative) meanings of words and phrases in increasingly challenging texts
  • clarify the meanings of words or descriptive phrases by searching for clues in the text (e.g., sentence structure, context, prefixes/suffixes, spelling patterns)
Text Structure
  • identify details that clearly support the key point(s) of written or nonprint sources
  • recognize common organizational patterns (e.g., description, sequence, cause-effect, problem-solution, comparison-contrast) used by the author of a text
Purpose and Point of View
  • analyze techniques used by the author of a text to reveal or conceal his or her point of view
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Arguments
  • locate words that might signal an author’s or narrator’s premise or claim (e.g., since, for, because) or conclusion (therefore, consequently)
Multiple Texts
  • confirm or disprove conclusions drawn by identifying and applying details from multiple literary narratives