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Ideas for Progress: Reading, Range 20–23

To enhance their skills in each reading-related strand, students who score in the 20–23 score range on the ACT® college readiness assessment may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 20–23
Key Ideas and Details Close Reading
  • distinguish between what is most and least important in increasingly challenging texts
  • determine how an inference might change based on the inclusion of additional information
  • check inferences against information provided in a text, identifying what is and is not sufficiently supported by the text
  • analyze specific parts of increasingly challenging texts, drawing accurate conclusions
Central Ideas, Themes, and Summaries
  • distinguish between key concepts and subordinate ideas in a text and write a concise summary about one of the key concepts
  • analyze the sequence of events in written or nonprint sources
  • map sequences of events in texts or films or from everyday occurrences, explaining one’s thinking
  • evaluate the extent to which comparisons made by the author or narrator help clarify specific relationships in the text
  • search for clues embedded in a text that suggest cause-effect relationships
  • examine events in written or nonprint sources to determine the primary cause(s) and final outcome(s)
Craft and Structure Word Meanings and Word Choice
  • investigate the effect(s) of specific words and phrases on the reader’s perceptions and behavior
  • research words and phrases from different sources, identifying their shades of meaning in various contexts or situations
Text Structure
  • interpret sentences presented in an increasingly challenging text, determining the contribution of each to the author’s or narrator’s intended message
  • determine the role of specific paragraphs (e.g., introductory, transitional, serial) in increasingly challenging texts
  • explain why an author may use one or more organizational patterns
Purpose and Point of View
  • analyze the relationship between an author’s or narrator’s intended message and the rhetorical devices used to convey that message (e.g., repetition, exaggeration, understatement)
  • search for clues that suggest the viewpoint from which a challenging literary narrative is written or told and determine whether that point of view is reliable or biased
Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Arguments
  • defend or challenge the author’s or narrator’s assertions by locating several key pieces of information in a text
Multiple Texts
  • synthesize information from multiple informational texts to clarify understanding of important concepts and ideas