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Ideas for Progress: Range 20–23

ACT Explore/ACT Plan/The ACT Reading

To enhance their skills in each reading-related strand, students who score in the 20–23 score range may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 20–23
Main Ideas and Author's Approach
  • determine how an inference might change based on the inclusion of additional information
  • synthesize information from challenging texts to clarify understanding of important concepts and ideas
  • distinguish between key concepts and subordinate ideas in a text and write a concise summary
  • search for clues that suggest the viewpoint from which a literary text is written or told and determine whether the author's or narrator's point of view is valid or biased
  • analyze the relationship between an author's or narrator's intended message and the rhetorical devices used to convey that message (e.g., language used, evidence provided)
Supporting Details
  • gather and interpret details presented in a text, determining the contribution of each to the author's or narrator's intended message
  • identify details that clearly support the key point(s) of written or nonprint sources
  • check inferences against information provided in a text, identifying what is and is not sufficiently supported by the text
Sequential, Comparative, and Cause-Effect Relationships
  • analyze the sequence of events in written or nonprint sources
  • map sequences of events in texts or films or from everyday occurrences, defending their reasoning
  • evaluate the extent to which comparisons made by the author or narrator help clarify specific textual relationships
  • search for clues embedded in a text that suggest cause-effect relationships
  • examine events in written or nonprint sources to determine the precipitating cause(s) and final outcome(s)
Meanings of Words
  • investigate the meanings of words and their possible effect(s) on the perceptions and behavior of people
  • research words and phrases from different sources, identifying their shades of meaning in various contexts or situations
Generalizations and Conclusions
  • defend or challenge the author's or narrator's assertions by locating several key pieces of information in a challenging text
  • make accurate generalizations based on implicit information in the text
  • analyze specific parts of a text, drawing accurate conclusions