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Ideas for Progress: Science, Range 13–15

To enhance their skills in each science-related strand, students who score in the 13–15 score range on the ACT® college readiness assessment may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 13–15
Interpretation of Data
  • locate and select several data points in a simple table or graph, and make comparisons between them
  • identify information in scientific texts that describes different relationships in data, and combine this information with presented data to enhance understanding
  • create basic tables and graphs from sets of scientific data
  • read newspaper and magazine articles pertaining to science and technology, and discuss main points, including data displayed in tables or graphs, with peers
  • describe trends and relationships in data displayed in simple tables and graphs
  • compare trends in different data presentations, referring to findings from the same experiment
  • highlight unfamiliar science terms in an article, and develop strategies to determine their meanings
  • identify the variables in a data presentation, and describe the relationship between the variables (e.g., as the value of one variable goes up the value of the other variable goes down)
Scientific Investigations
  • determine an appropriate method for performing a simple experiment
  • perform experiments designed to teach familiarity with a number of tools
  • critique and determine the characteristics that make an experiment a valid test
  • maintain a science notebook that includes a section for recording notes about methods, procedures, and tools used in different experiments
  • annotate a description of an experiment, including the question being answered, the variables being manipulated, and the methods used
Evaluation of Models
  • read science articles of an appropriate level, and identify hypotheses or conclusions made by the author(s)
  • select a model that relates to specific information from several alternatives
  • read about a model in a science article, and predict what would happen if one factor in the model changed
  • determine which of several pieces of evidence support(s) or refute(s) a given claim
  • create a Venn diagram to illustrate the similarities and differences between two explanations for the same phenomenon