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Ideas for Progress: Science, Range 28–32

To enhance their skills in each science-related strand, students who score in the 28–32 score range on the ACT® college readiness assessment may benefit from activities that encourage them to do the following:

Score Range 28–32
Interpretation of Data
  • develop a calibration curve that can be used to convert raw data into useful data (e.g., to convert absorbance readings into concentrations)
  • predict how variables displayed in data presentations will interact in new and different situations
  • defend a claim by arguing whether supporting data was collected and interpreted appropriately
  • reinterpret your existing findings when presented with new information that contradicts those findings
Scientific Investigations
  • carry out experiments in which the importance of accuracy and precision is stressed
  • consider how changing experimental methods may affect the results of an experiment
  • extend and expand an experiment to answer new questions
  • read about an experiment, and suggest possible improvements or next steps
  • study the design and methods used in an experiment to determine which measurements are inaccurate or imprecise
  • design an experiment with an emphasis on making precise and accurate measurements
  • design an experiment that involves changing the manipulated variables, and predict the possible outcomes
Evaluation of Models
  • evaluate the merits of a conclusion based on the analysis of several data sets
  • seek out new findings that enhance or challenge existing models
  • formulate hypotheses, predictions, or conclusions by comparing several data sets from different experiments
  • develop a model to describe a phenomenon explored in an experiment