Use concept circles to group similar information, or use one section for a main idea and the others for details—both stated and implied—that relate to the topic. Have learners identify which terms are implied and discuss the reasons for their answers.
Use analogies in working with word meanings and also in discussing implied details relating to the words in question.
Use this variation on the closed word sort: give learners several categories with a list of terms, including at least three that apply to each category. Have the learners write one to two paragraphs about one category, selecting and using the appropriate terms correctly. Compare and discuss the results.
Highlight jargon and unfamiliar terms in instructions and procedures. Develop definitions using the context and have learners compare results.
Use instructions for activities, such as emergency procedures or operating machinery, to illustrate outlining and graphic organizing. Examine consequences that may occur if correct procedure is not followed.
Have learners try to determine the reasoning behind a policy or procedure using materials such as tax guides.
Use policy manuals from businesses, government agencies, and schools to make comparisons between how each handles particular situations. For example, learners can compare their employment or termination procedures. Discuss the similarities and try to determine reasons for differences.
Using similar policy manuals, develop case studies that learners can use to apply the policies. At this level, the cases should be fairly similar to the situations described in the policies.
Use simulation techniques to develop policies for a situation familiar to learners—that is, their work or school situations. Have groups present and be prepared to defend and discuss modifications of their suggestions.