Applied MATHEMATICIANS use theories and techniques, such as modeling and computational methods, to solve practical problems in business, government, engineering, and the physical, life, and social sciences. They may analyze the most efficient way to schedule airline routes between cities, or the effect and safety of new drugs on disease. They work with others to achieve common solutions to problems in various industries. Theoretical mathematicians advance mathematical knowledge. They seek to increase basic knowledge without considering its practical use. They are employed as university faculty and teach and conduct research.
Salary, Size & Growth
- $78,000 average per year ($37.50 per hour)
- A small occupation (2,800 workers in 2010)
- Expected to grow rapidly (2.2% per year)
A doctoral degree in mathematics is usually the minimum education needed for MATHEMATICIANS, except the federal government, where entry-level candidates usually must have a four-year degree with a major in mathematics. In private industry, applicants generally need a master's or a Ph.D. degree. A master's degree in mathematics is sufficient for some research positions and teaching in some community or 4-year colleges. However, in most 4-year colleges and universities and many research and development positions in private industry, a doctoral degree is required.
- Bioinformatics Scientist
- College/University Faculty
- Computer Programmer
- Computer Systems Analyst
- Market Research Analyst
- Operations Research Analyst