Work Tasks

SOCIOLOGISTS study society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, such as families, tribes, communities, gangs, and governments, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. They study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individuals. Some focus on social traits such as gender, age, or race. They collect and analyze data. The results of their research help educators, lawmakers, administrators, and others interested in resolving social problems and formulating public policy.

Salary, Size & Growth

Entry Requirements

A Ph.D. is required for most SOCIOLOGIST positions in colleges and universities, and for advancement to top level research and administrative positions. Those with master's degrees have better opportunities outside colleges and universities. Those with bachelor's degrees may qualify for entry-level jobs, such as research assistant, administrative aid, or management or sales trainee. Certification by the Sociological Practice Association (SPA) is required for sociologists in some clinical and applied sociology positions, especially at the doctoral level.