Marine Biologist


Work Tasks

MARINE BIOLOGISTS observe animals that live on shores and in the sea. They study plants and animals living in salt water and their relationship with each other and the environment. Some teach in college or university settings. Other marine biologists conduct basic research to gain knowledge about living organisms. Those in applied research use the knowledge provided by basic research to develop new products, such as medicines, or to improve the environment. Marine biologists also publish the results of their research in scientific journals and may present papers at scientific meetings and conferences.

Salary, Size & Growth

Entry Requirements

MARINE BIOLOGISTS generally require a Ph.D. degree for college teaching, independent research, and for advancement to administrative positions. A master's degree is sufficient for some jobs in applied research. A bachelor's degree is adequate for some non-research jobs such as testing and inspection. No special licensing or certification is required for marine biologists. However, teachers must be certified by the state in which they plan to teach.